Category Archives: CCNA

The Longest Match Rule

One of the the concepts that comes up occasionally is that of precedence. For example, one might consider the following routing table entries. ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 1.1.1.1 //default route ip route 192.168.0.0 255.255.0.0 1.1.1.2 //supernet/cidr route ip route 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0 … Continue reading

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Forming a Thought Process for Troubleshooting

Periodically, I get a message from someone asking for troubleshooting help. The most recent of these went something like the following (paraphrasing)– I have the following routers, R1 through R5, and I cannot ping R5 from R1. Please tell me … Continue reading

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IP Subnetting Part 5: Subnetting Across the Octet Boundary

Throughout this series, we have examined several fundamental building blocks of subnetting. In IP Subnetting Part 4, we looked at what was required to subnet a Class C network. This article takes the fundamentals one step further and looks at … Continue reading

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Using NVI to Allow Internal Hosts to Connect to Public Addresses of Hosted Servers

IP NAT is a very common configuration. One of the challenges that sometimes surfaces is the need for internal hosts to connect to the public address of a locally hosted server. Anyone who has tried to configure something like the following has … Continue reading

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IP Subnetting Part 4: Subnetting a Class C Network

At this point in the PacketU subnetting series, we have worked through the following– What is a Subnet? Simple Subnetting Examples Understanding the Binary This article takes the concept of subnetting to the next step. Today we are going to look at … Continue reading

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IP Subnetting Part 3: Understanding the Binary

I’ve often stated how simple subnetting really is. While each individual concept is rather simple, it is the combination that make the holistic process challenging. If we, as humans, could look at the process more like computers and network devices, … Continue reading

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Using Cisco’s DevNet “All-in-One VM” as a Free Router Lab

I know many have been [not so patiently] waiting for the arrival of a Cisco virtual lab. Although I haven’t heard any official release date for VIRL or CML, there is a small scale virtual router lab available today. This lab is … Continue reading

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IP Subnetting Part 2: Simple Subnetting Examples

Subnetting is a foundational concept in IP networking. Although it is often misunderstood and even dreaded, this is a simple concept if we could look at things from the perspective of binary. However the combination of binary concepts, IP addressing and subnet masking is … Continue reading

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IP Subnetting Part 1: What is a Subnet?

We cover all sorts of different topics on this site. Today, we are starting a multipart series on subnetting. These concepts are fundamental building blocks for network administrators, engineers and architects. The subnetting topics outlined in this series should be well understood prior … Continue reading

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Cisco IOS – Understanding IGP Network Statements

One of the things that I find both counterintuitive and often misunderstood is the role of the network command in interior gateway protocols. This command is used in the router configuration mode on Cisco devices. While there are some protocol … Continue reading

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Who Understands Network Statements?

A couple of weeks ago, I asked some questions about an obscure OSPF configuration. I found the scenario fun to write and share. Therefore, I wanted to offer another odd configuration that might challenge readers to think through the resulting behavior of a … Continue reading

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Classful IP Networks: An Introduction to IP Address Classes

When the concept of subnetting comes up, there is a need to first establish what networks were like before the Internet Standard Subnetting Procedure was introduced in RFC950. Prior to the use of subnet masks, networked devices made assumtions about the network and host … Continue reading

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